Who is Covered?
who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence—
the housing of others due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar
in motels, hotels, trailer parks, camping grounds due to lack of adequate
in emergency or transitional shelters
foster care placement
a in public or private place not designed for sleeping
in cars, parks, abandoned buildings, bus or train stations, etc.
living in circumstances described above
- Children and
youth experiencing homelessness can stay in their school of origin or enroll in
any public school that students living in the same
attendance area are eligible to attend, according to their best interest.
- School of
origin—school attended when permanently housed or in which last enrolled.
interest—keep students who are homeless in their school of origin, to the extent
feasible, unless against the parents’ or guardians’
- Students can
stay in their school of origin the entire time they are homeless, and until the
end of any academic year in which they move into
- If a student is
sent to a school other than that requested by a parent or guardian, the
district must provide a written explanation to the parent
or guardian of its decision and the right to appeal.
- Children and
youth in homeless situations can stay in their school of origin (to the extent
feasible) or enroll in any public school that students
living in the same attendance area are eligible to attend.
- The terms
“enroll” and “enrollment” include attending classes and participating fully in
- Children and
youth have the right to enroll in school immediately, even if they do not have
required documents, such a school records,
medical records, proof of residency, or other documents.
- If a student
does not have immunizations, or immunization or medical records, the liaison
must immediately assist in obtaining them, and the
student must be enrolled in the interim.
schools must obtain school records from the previous school, and students must
be enrolled in school while records are
- Schools must
maintain records for students who are homeless so they are available quickly.
- Federal law supersedes
state and local laws where there is a conflict. [U.S. Constitution, Article VI]
- SEAs and LEAs
must develop, review, and revise policies to remove barriers to enrollment and
retention of children and youth in homeless
- Students who
experience homelessness must have access to educational services for which they
are eligible, including special education,
programs for English learners, gifted and talented programs, vo-tech.
programs, and school nutrition programs.
children and youth have the same right to attend public school as U.S. citizens
and are covered by the McKinney-Vento Act to the
same extent as other children and youth. [Plyler v. Doe]
- USDA policy
permits liaisons and shelter directors to obtain free school meals for students
by providing a list of names of students experiencing
homelessness with effective dates.
- The 2004
reauthorization of IDEA includes amendments that reinforce timely assessment,
inclusion, and continuity of
services for children and youth who are homeless and have disabilities.